Understanding Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)

Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), also known as “ADHD of the predominantly inattentive type,” is a condition characterized by challenges in maintaining focus and attention. Unlike other forms of ADHD, ADD primarily revolves around inattention and lacks hyperactivity or impulsiveness.

ADD can affect both genders, although it’s more frequently observed in girls. In some cases, individuals with ADD may also exhibit impulsive behavior, which can impact their social interactions.

In some instances, the symptoms of ADD, such as demoralization, anxiety, and depression, may overshadow the underlying concentration difficulties.

Diagnosing ADD

The diagnosis of ADD is clinical and relies on assessing the criteria for inattentiveness. These criteria should consistently and significantly impact a person’s daily life, both at home and in educational settings. It’s crucial to rule out alternative explanations for the individual’s inattentiveness.

Diagnostic criteria for ADD include:
  • Difficulty paying attention to details or making careless mistakes
  • Struggles with task-focused attention
  • Failing to listen when spoken to directly.
  • Challenges in organizing activities
  • Avoidance of tasks requiring prolonged mental effort
  • Frequent loss of items necessary for tasks
  • Not following instructions and failing to complete assignments
  • Easy distractibility
  • Forgetfulness in daily activities

One distinctive feature of the predominantly inattentive type is daydreaming, which must be distinguished from other conditions. A comprehensive diagnosis involves feedback from educational institutions, past academic records, clinical observation, and a thorough family history.

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